word文档2020年上海高考英语一模---徐汇区

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徐汇区高三英语本卷共11页第1页2019学年第一学期徐汇区学习能力诊断卷高三英语试卷(满分140分,考试时间120分钟)2019.12I.ListeningComprehensionSectionADirections:InSectionA,youwillheartenshortconversationsbetweentwospeakers.Attheendofeachconversation,aquestionwillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaid.Theconversationsandthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce.Afteryouhearaconversationandthequestionaboutit,readthefourpossibleanswersonyourpaper,anddecidewhichoneisthebestanswertothequestionyouhaveheard.1.A.Buyingahandbag.B.Tryingonapieceofclothing.C.Takingapicture.D.Attendingafashionshow.2.A.Tothelibrary.B.Totheschool.C.Tothecafeteria.D.Tothecinema.3.A.Makeabudget.B.Buythepainting.C.Decoratethelivingroom.D.Bargainwiththeartdealer.4.A.Shedidn’tgetthepromotion.B.Shedoesn’tlookattractive.C.Sheisnotingoodmood.D.Shecan’tstandfoggydays.5.A.Themanneedstoarriveearlier.B.Thewomanhastoworkovertime.C.Thewomandislikesairtravel.D.Themanwantstosavemoney.6.A.Hehasearnedabigfortune.B.Heisgoodatsaving.C.Hehaslittlemoney.D.Hespendsmoneylikewater.7.A.Hedidn’tattendtheceremony.B.Hetookalotofpreciouspictures.C.Heforgottotakehiscellphone.D.Hisrecordedtheceremonywithhiscamera.8.A.Setadeadlineforthestafftomeet.B.Encouragehisstafftoworkharder.C.Askforaprogressreportontheproject.D.Holdaconversationwithhisemployees.9.A.Hedoesn’tneedavacation.B.Thecompanyisshortofhands.C.Heisafraidoflosingthejob.D.Thebosstoldhimtotakeachance.10.A.Noseatsareavailablenow.B.It’snottherighttimetoenter.C.It’stoodarkforhimtofindtheseat.D.Shecan’tgetinuntiltheinterviewends.SectionBDirections:InSectionB,youwillheartwoshortpassagesandonelongerconversation,andyouwillbeaskedseveralquestionsoneachofthepassagesandtheconversation.Thepassagesandtheconversationwillbereadtwice,butthequestionswillbespokenonlyonce.Whenyouhearaquestion,readthefourpossibleanswersonyourpaperanddecidewhichonewouldbethebestanswertothequestionyouhaveheard.高中英语,秋季随时随地轻松学广告「学而思网校」"直播+辅导"双师教学,主讲直播带着学,辅导老师1V1答疑,学会为止。查看详情>徐汇区高三英语本卷共11页第2页Questions11through13arebasedonthefollowingpassage.11.A.Morecheerful.B.Lessstressed.C.Moreresolute.D.Lessattractive.12.A.Tofindouthowclothescanaffectpeople’sfeelings.B.Toshowhowscientistspaymoreattentiontodetails.C.Toprovepeoplemakefewermistakesinlabcoats.D.Totesttheeffectofclothesonpeople’sattention.13.A.Bodymovementschangethewaypeoplethink.B.Howpeopledresscanchangetheirappearance.C.Whatpeoplewearcanaffecttheirperformance.D.Peopledoingdifferentjobsweardifferentclothes.Questions14through16arebasedonthefollowingpassage.14.A.Expertswhospecializeinpreventingnaturaldisasters.B.Peopletrainedtorespondtomedicalemergencies.C.Superheroesdevotedtodefendingtheearth.D.Doctorsandnurseswhoprovidemedicalservices.15.A.Decentandpromising.B.Busybutsecure.C.Toughandstressful.D.Demandingbutwell-paid.16.A.Passingaphysicaltrainingprogram.B.GettingacertificateinCPR(心肺复苏术).C.Possessingamedicalschooldiploma.D.Keepingcalminanysituation.Questions17through20arebasedonthefollowingconversation.17.A.18-26.B.27-35.C.36-45.D.46-55.18.A.Jogging.B.Swimming.C.Tennis.D.Cycling.19.A.Launchanewpromotioncampaign.B.Carryoutanothersurvey.C.Increasetheproductionofathleticshoes.D.Holdmoreathleticcompetitions.20.A.Makeproductsmoreappealing.B.Followthetrend.C.Focusonfitnessbusiness.D.Targetoldercustomers.II.GrammarandVocabularySectionADirections:Afterreadingthepassagebelow,fillintheblankstomakethepassagecoherentandgrammaticallycorrect.Fortheblankswithagivenword,fillineachblankwiththeproperformofthegivenword;fortheotherblanks,useonewordthatbestfitseachblank.Onceuponatime...OnceuponatimetherelivedinGermanytwobrothers.Atschooltheymetawisemanwholedthemtoatreasure—alibraryofoldbookswithtalesmorefascinatingthananytheyhadeverheard.(21)_________(inspire),thebrothersbegancollectingtheirownstories,listeningtothefolktalespeopletoldthem.Soontheyproducedtheirowntreasure—abookoffairytalesthatwouldcharmmillionsinfarawaylandsforgenerations(22)________(come).「51Talk」英语英语,1V1互动课堂,在线轻松学!广告「51Talk」英语英语,外教1对1在线教学,沉浸式课堂,口语好,学习棒,高效提升英语学习效果!查看详情>徐汇区高三英语本卷共11页第3页ThebrothersGrimm,JacobandWilhelm,namedtheirstorycollectionChildren’sandHouseholdTalesandpublisheditinGermanyin1812.Thecollection(23)________(translate)intomorethan160languagesuptonow.Thestoriesandtheircharacterscontinuetofeatureinvirtuallyeverymedia:theatre,opera,comicbooks,movies,paintings,rockmusic,advertisingandfashion.SuchfamewouldhaveshockedthemodestGrimms.Duringtheirlifetimesthecollection(24)________(sell)fewcopiesinGermany.Theearlyeditionswerenotevenaimedatchildren.Theyhadnoillustrations,andscholarlyfootnotestookupalmostasmuchspaceasthetales(25)__________.JacobandWilhelmGrimmbegantheirworkatatime(26)__________GermanyhadbeenoccupiedbytheFrenchunderNapoleon.Thenewrulersrestrictedlocalculture.Asyoungscholars,thebrothersGrimmbegantoworkonthefairytalecollectioninordertosavetheendangeredoralstorytellingtraditionofGermany.(27)_______thebrothersimpliedthattheywerejustkeepingrecordsoftales,Wilhelmcontinuedtopolishandreshapethestoriesuptothefinaleditionof1857.Inanefforttomakethemmoreacceptabletochildrenandtheirparents,hestressedthemoralofeachtaleandemphasizedgenderroles.Tothisday,parentsstillreadthemtotheirchildrenbecausetheyapproveofthelessonsinthestories:keepyourpromises,don’ttalktostrangers,workhard,obeyyourparents.Yet(28)_______allWilhelm’sadditions,themostimportantpartofthesestorieswasleftuntouched.Thecrueltreatmentofchildrenandtheviolentpunishmentshandedouttothestories’badguysaretoomuchforsomeparents.Sowhataccountsfortheirpopularity?Somehavesuggestedthatitis(29)_______thecharactersarealwaysstrivingforhappiness.Butthetruthprobablyliesintheirorigin.Grimms’taleswerebornoutofastorytellingtraditionwithoutboundaries(界限)ofageorculture.Thebrothers’skillwastotranslatetheseintoauniversalstyleofwritingthatseemstomirror(30)_______moodsorinterestswebringtoourreadingofthem.AndsoitwasthattheGrimms’fairytaleslivedhappilyeverafter.SectionBDirections:Completethefollowingpassagebyusingthewordsinthebox.Eachwordcanonlybeusedonce.Notethatthereisonewordmorethanyouneed.A.distributedB.absolutelyC.infectionsD.consumeE.harborF.relianceG.potentialH.specificI.originateJ.respectivelyK.revealedMicroplasticPollutionInthepastfewyears,scientistshavefoundmicroplasticsinoursoil,tapwater,bottledwater,beerandevenintheairwebreathe.Andthere’sgrowingconcernaboutthe31healthriskstheyposetohumans.ThenewanalysisintheUKhavediscoveredmicroplasticswidely32acrossall10lakesandriverssampled.Morethan1,000smallpiecesofplasticperlitrewerefoundintheRiverTame,高中英语_「高途课堂」全科提分,低至9元!广告高中英语,其实提分很简单!高途课堂名师授课,掌握各个学科提分技巧,查看详情>徐汇区高三英语本卷共11页第4页whichwas33lastyearasthemostpollutedplacetestedworldwide.EveninrelativelyremoteplacessuchastheFallsofDochartandLochLomondinScotland,twoorthreepiecesperlitrewerefound.Microplasticsarenota34kindofplastic,butratheranytypeofsmallpiecesofplasticthatislessthan5mminlengthaccordingtotheU.S.NationalOceanicandAtmosphericAdministration.Theymay35fromavarietyofsources,includingcosmetics,clothing,andindustrialprocesses.Humansareknownto36thetinyplasticparticlesthroughfoodandwater,butthepossiblehealtheffectsonpeopleandecosystemshaveyettobedetermined.Onestudy,inSingapore,hasfoundthatmicroplasticscan37harmfulmicrobes(微生物).ResearchbytheNationalUniversityofSingaporefoundmorethan400typesofbacteriaon275piecesofmicroplasticcollectedfromlocalbeaches.Theyincludedinsectsthatcausegastroenteritis(肠胃炎)andwound38inhumans.“Microplasticsarebeingfound39everywherebutwedonotknowtheharmtheycouldbedoing,”saidChristianDunnatBangorUniversity,Wales,wholedthework.“It’snouselookingbackin20years’timeandsaying:‘Ifonlywe’drealizedjusthowbaditwas.’Weneedtobemonitoringourwatersnowandweneedtothink,asacountryandaworld,howwecanbereducingour40onplastic.”III.ReadingComprehensionSectionADirections:ForeachblankinthefollowingpassagetherearefourwordsorphrasesmarkedA,B,CandD.Fillineachblankwiththewordorphrasethatbestfitsthecontext.Since2008,theaveragelabour-forceparticipationrateof55-to64-year-oldsinOECD(OrganizationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment)countrieshasrisenbyeightpercentagepoints.AnewOECDreport,“WorkingBetterwithAge”,pointsoutthattheemploymentofolderworkersis41,ifprosperityistobemaintained.Thatcanbetakenasasignthatoursocietyisfinally42thevalueofitsolderemployees.Retirementgivesyouthechancetosleeplateandavoidthemorningrushhours.Nolongerdoyouhavetositthroughendlessmeetingsorcheckemailfrequently.Butworkcankeepthemindactiveandgivespeoplea43inlife.Thefirstmonthofretirementmayseempleasant,but44issuretocome.Grandplanstolearnlanguagesandtraveltheworldcanquicklylosetheirappeal.45,thecompanyofcolleaguesprovidesasocialnetwork;spendingallweekathomecanleadtoloneliness.Workinglongershouldbeeasiernowthatmostjobsrequire46,ratherthanmanual,labour.Ofcourse,manypeopleareworkinglongernotbecausetheyenjoywhattheydo,butbecausetheycannotaffordto47.Thatisnotjustbecausegovernmentshavebeenpushingupthestateretirementage.48,theaverageageatwhichpeopleactuallyretirediffersfromtheofficialagebyseveralyears.Inpart,thatisbecausemanypeopledonotrelyonthestatepensionastheironly考试高考英语学霸告诉你一个简单的方法广告考试高考英语分数上不去?考试高考英语不对,埋头苦读也无济于事,看看北清高考学霸如何让做查看详情>徐汇区高三英语本卷共11页第5页sourceofincomeandneedwork-relatedpensionstosupplementit.However,companiesaregradually49pensionslinkedtofinalsalarieswith“definedcontribution”schemes.Underthelatter,workersendupwithapotofsavingsatretirementthatneedstobe50.Theincomefromsuchpotshasbeenreducedbyverylowinterestrates.Womentendtohavesmallerretirementpots(thankstotheiryearsspentraisingchildren),makingtheirdifficultiesevenmore51.Theyneedtokeepworking.Olderworkersmayfeel52,particularlywhenitcomestopromotion.Twoissuesseemtohold53back.Thefirstisthatolderworkerstendto54highersalaries,becauseofthesenioritysystem.Thesecondisa55ofskills;oneinthree55-to65-year-oldsinOECDcountrieseitherlackcomputerexperienceorcannotpasstechnologytests.Suchproblemscanberesolvedwithpropertraining,buttheover-55sshouldtakeituponthemselvestokeepupwithtechnologicalchanges.41.A.shortsightedB.vitalC.adequateD.unnecessary42.A.recognizingB.assessingC.questioningD.transforming43.A.frameB.choiceC.lessonD.purpose44.A.libertyB.boredomC.priorityD.motivation45.A.HoweverB.InsteadC.ThereforeD.Furthermore46.A.mentalB.simpleC.physicalD.routine47.A.proceedB.continueC.persistD.quit48.A.InconclusionB.InotherwordsC.InpracticeD.Inparticular49.A.replacingB.furnishingC.increasingD.combining50.A.registeredB.reinvestedC.refundedD.removed51.A.personalB.severeC.emotionalD.practical52.A.competitiveB.dominantC.distinguishedD.disadvantaged53.A.employersB.researchersC.employeesD.femaleworkers54.A.commandB.ensureC.opposeD.ignore55.A.rangeB.disciplineC.shortageD.setSectionBDirections:Readthefollowingthreepassages.Eachpassageisfollowedbyseveralquestionsorunfinishedstatements.ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.Choosetheonethatfitsbestaccordingtotheinformationgiveninthepassageyouhavejustread.(A)AgnesdeMillewasadancerandachoreographer(编舞).Earlyinhercareer,deMillehadcreatedthechoreographyforaballetcalledThreeVirginsandaDevil.Shethoughtitwasgoodwork,butnobodymademuchofit.Afewyearslater,deMillechoreographedaballetnamedRodeo.Again,shethoughtherworkwassolid,butitresultedinlittlecommercialfame.

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