word文档山东成人学士学位英语考试试题及答案

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PartIReadingComprehension(30%)Directions:Therearethreepassagesinthispart.Eachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatements.ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.Passage1Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassage:Therearemanyolderpeopleintheworldandtherewillbemanymore.AliMe-knownfactisthatover60percentoftheolderpeopleliveindevelopingcountries.AccordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization,by2020therewillbe1billion,withover700millionlivingindevelopingcountries.Itisasurprisingfactthatthepopulationageingisparticularlyrapidindevelopingcountries.Forexample,ittookFrance115yearsfortheproportionofolderpeopletodoublefrom7percentto14percent.ItisestimatedtotakeChinaamere27yearstoachievethissameincrease.Whataretheimplicationsoftheseincreasednumbersofolderfolk?(76)Oneofthebiggestworriesforgovernmentsisthatthelongerpeoplelive.themorelikelihoodthereisfordiseasesandfordisability(残疾).Attentionisbeingpaidtotheneedtokeeppeopleashealthyaspossible,includingduringoldage,tolessenthefinancialburdenonthestate.(77)Anothersignificantproblemistheneedfortheyoungergenerationstounderstandandvaluetheolderpeopleintheirsociety.InsomeAfricancouintries,certainlyinAsia,olderpeoplearerespectedandregardedastheones~withspecialknowledge.Yettraditionsarefadingawaydaily,whichdoesnotensurethecontinuedhighregardofolderpeople.Associetychanges,attitudeswillchange.Muchneedstobedonetogetridofagediscrimination(歧视)inemployment.Life-longlearningprogramsneedtobeprovidedtoenableolderpeopletobeactivemembersinacountry'sdevelopment.Socialsecuritypoliciesneedtobeestablishedtoprovideadequateincomeprotectionforolderpeople.Bothpublicandprivateschemesarevitalinorderto,buildasuitablesafetynet.Toachieveequalityinsuchmatterswilltakeconsiderabletimeandeffort.Onethingissure:thereisnotimetobelost.1.TheproportionofolderpeopleA.isbiggerindevelopedcountriesthanindevelopingcountriesB.isone-seventhofthepopulationdevelopingcountriesC.willincreasemuchfasterinChinathaninFranceD.willbesixtypercentindevelopingcountriesby20202.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingaregovernmentsmostwordedabout?A.Thediseasesanddisabilityofolderpeople.山东省成人自考_上班族学历提升中心_首页广告山东省成人自考_985/211名校学历,免试入学/社会认可/含金量高/不过理赔/省时省钱省心,查看详情>B.Thelongerlifeandgoodhealthofpeople.C.Thelossoftaxesonolderpeople.D.Theincreasingrespectforolderpeople.3.ItisstateddirectlyinthepassagethatolderpeopleshouldA.betreateddifferentlyindifferentculturesB.enjoyasimilarlifestyleC.beignoredassocietychangesD.bevaluedbytheyoungergenerations4.WhichofthefollowingmeasuresisNOTmentionedtosolvethepopulationageingproblem?A.Gettingridofagediscriminationinemployment.B.Ensuringadequateincomeprotectionforolderpeople.C.Providingfreehealthcareforsickolderpeople.D.Supplyinglife-longlearningprogramstoolderpeople.5.TheauthorconcludesinthelastparagraphthatA.governmentshavespentlotsoftimeinsolvingtheageingproblemB.populationageingisahardproblem,butitneedstobesolvedurgentlyC.peoplearetoobusytosolvethepopulationageingproblemD.muchtimeandeffortwillbelostinsolvingtheageingproblemPassage2Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage:Themulti-billion-dollarWesternpopmusicindustryisunderfire.ItisbeingblamedbytheUnitedNationsforthedramaticriseindrugabuseworldwide."Themostworryingdevelopmentisacultureofdrug-friendliness,"saystheUN'sInternationalNarcoticsControlBoardinareportreleasedlastyear.The74-pagestudysaysthatpopmusic,asaglobalindustry,isbyfarthemostinfluentialtrend-setterforyoungpeopleofmostcultures."Somesongsencouragepeopletotakedrugs.(78)Certainpopstarsmakestatementsandsetexamplesasiftheuseofdrugsfornon-medicinalpurposeswereanormalandacceptablepartofaperson'slifestyle,"thestudysays.Surprisingly,saystheBoard,theeffectofdrug-friendlypopmusicseemstosurvivedespitetheoccasionalshockofdeathbyoverdose(过量用药)."Suchincidentstendtobeseenasanoccasiontomourn(哀悼)thelossofarolemodel,andnotanopportunitytofacethedeadlyeffectofdruguse,"itnotes.Sincethe1970s,severalinternationallyfamoussingersandmoviestars--includingElvisPresley,JaniceJoplin,JohnBelushi,JimiHendrix,JonathanMelvinandAndyGibbs--havediedofeitherdrugabuseordrugrelatedillnesses.Withtheglobalizationofpopularmusic,messagespromoting,drugabusearenowreachingbeyondtheircountriesoforigin."Inmostcountries,thenamesofcertainPOP山东成考丨上班族无需到校修本科学历,企业认可广告山东成考-成人本科学历,成人专科学历,上班族提升学历,初升专,初升本,查看详情>starshavebecomefamiliartothemembersofeveryhousehold,"thestudysays.TheUNstudyalsoblamesthemediaforitsdescriptionofcertaindrugincidents,whichencouragesratherthanpreventsdragabuse."Overthepastyears,wehaveseenhowdrugabuseisincreasinglyregardedasbeingacceptableorevenattractive,"saysHamidGhodse,presidentoftheBoard."Powerfulpressuregroupsmnpoliticalcampaignsaimedatlegalizingcontrolleddrugs,"hesays.Ghodsealsopointsoutthatalltheedevelopmentshavecreatedanenvironmentwhichistolerant(容忍的)oforevenfavorabletodrugabuseandspoilsinternationaldrugpreventioneffortscurrentlyunderway.Thestudyfocusesondemandreductionandpreventionwithinanenvironmentthathasbecometolerantofdrugabuse.TheBoardcallsongovernmentstodotheirlegalandmoralduties,andtoactagainstthepro-drug(赞成吸毒)messagesoftheyouthculturetowhichyoungpeopleincreasinglyarebe'rugexposed.6.Whichofthefollowingstatementsdoes,theauthortendtoagreewith?A.Theuseofdragsfornon-medicinalpurposesis,anacceptablepartofaperson'slifestyle.B.Thespreadingofpopmusicmaycausedragabusetogobeyondcountryboundaries.C.Noeffortshavebeenmadetopreventthespreadingofdragabuse.D.Governmentshavenoabilitytoactagainstthepro-dragmessagesoftheyouthculture.7.Theexpression"underfire"?inthefirstparagraphmeansA.inanurgentsituationB.facingsomeproblemsC.beingcriticizedD.introuble8.Fromthethirdparagraph,welearnthattheyouthA.tendtomournthepopstarswhodiedofoverdoseasrolemodelsB.areshockedtoknowevenpopstarsmayabusedmgsC.trytofacethedeadlyeffectofdruguseD.maystopabusingdrugs9.Whichofthefollowingis.notmentionedastolerantofdrugabuse?A.Thespreadingofpopmusic.B.Themedia.C.Politicalcampaignsrunbypowerfulpressuregroups.D.Thelowpriceofsomedrags.10.Accordingtothepassage,popmusicA.hasagreatinfluenceonyoungpeopleofmostculturesB.attractsasmallnumberofyoungpeopleC.isnotaprofitableindustryD.isaloneresponsiblefordrugabusePassage3成人自考本科—「重庆名校自考/成教/网教热门专业」广告在职人员成人自考本科,开展自学考试/成人高考/网络教育/国家开放大学等四种学习形式!查看详情>Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassage:(79)Extensivenewstudiessuggestthattheworldhas,madeextraordinaryprogressinreducingpovertyinrecentdecades.Theresearchsuggeststhatthepaceofeconomicprogresshasbeenrapidandcontinuedfordecades,builtonthefoundationsofrelativepoliticalstability,risingtrade,andeconomicliberalization(自由化)aftertwoworldwars.Onenewstudy,publishedrecentlybytheInstituteforInternationalEconomicsinWashington,findsthattheproportionofthe6.1billionpeopleintheworldwholiveon$1adayorlessshrankfrom63.percentin1950to35percentin1980and12percentin1999.Bysomeothermeasures,theprogresshasbeenmoremodest.Still,economistsagreethatpovertyhasplungedinkeynationssuchasIndiaandespeciallyChina,thankstoslowingpopulationgrowthaswellaseconomicfreedom."Thisisahugesuccessfortheworldasawhole,"saysHarvardUniversityeconomistRichardCooper."Wearedoingsomethingright."ThenewscomesastheWorldBankisabouttoopenitsannualmeetinginWashington'aneventthathasbeentroubledinrecentyearsbyproteststhattheBankanditssisterinstitution,theInternationalMonetaryFund(IMF国际货币基金组织),havedonetoolittlefortheworld'spoor.(80)Theneweconomicresearchwillnotputanendtothatdispute.Vastpopulationsremainpoor,andmanystillquestionthewisdomofWorldBankpolicies.Nonetheless,theresearchfindingsarehelpfultounderstandwhatpoliciesshouldbefollowedbyth6seinstitutionsandhundredsofotherdevelopmentgroupsworkingveryhardtohastenthepaceofworldeconomicprogress.Ifdramaticgainsareunderway,thepresentpolicies--callingforopenmarkets,freebusinessactivities,andtightmonetarycontrolareworkingandcorrect.ButcriticsofIMFandWorldBankpoliciesmaintainthatsucheconomic.successstoriesasJapan,China,SouthKoreaandSingaporearerootedinmorethanjust"free',markets.Thesenationshavemanagedtogrowrapidly,andtherebyreducepoverty,bylimitingimportswhentheirdomesticindustrieswereyotmg,pushingexportstorichnations,andputtingcontrolsonpurelyinternationalfinancial;flows.Theyhavebeenopentoforeign-ownedfactoriesbuthaveofteninsistedthatthoseinvestorsshare"theknowledgeandskillonmodemtechnologies,11.Theword"plunged"inthefirsparagraphmeansA.decreasedB.ClimbedC.increasedD.droppedintowater12.Fromthepassage,welearnthat__________A.WorldBankhasdonenothingtohelpthepoorintheworldB.IMFonlyhelpstherichintheworldC.WorldBankcontrolsallthebanksintheworldD.therearesomedemonstrationsagainstWorldBankinrecentyears13.Accordingtothispassage,in__________,theworldhadthelargestnumberofpoorpeople.成人本科报名条件与报考须知广告2020年自考报名开始,短学制学历,学习方式灵活,低基础也能学,多所985/211院校可选,查看详情>A.1999B.1980C.1950D.199014.Accordingtotheauthor,theeconomyofEastAsiancountriesgrewveryfastbecauseofthefollowingmeasuresEXCEPT__________A.encouragingexportB.openinguptoforeigninvestmentsC.limitinginternationalfinancialflowsD.controllingimport15.Thebesttitleforthispassagemightbe__________.A.China'sContributiontotheReductionofPovertyintheWorldB.WorldBank'sExtraordinaryProgressinRecentDecadesC.India'sLeadingRoleinReducingGlobalPovertyD.GlobalProgressinReducingPovertyPartⅡVocabularyandStructure(30%)Directions:Inthispartthereare30incompletesentences.ForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.ChoosetheONEanswerthatbestcompletesthesentence.ThenblackentheCorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.16.Bythetimeyoufinishyourhomework,allofus__________oursathand,I'msure.A.willfinishB.willhavefinishedC.havefinishedD.havebeenfinishing17.IntimeoftroubleCharliecouldalways__________asolution.A.putasideB.lookdownuponC.breakoutD.comeupwith18.Beforebuildingahouse,youwillhaveto__________thegovernment'spermission.A.getfromB.followC.receiveD.askfor19.Thedirectorhadherassistant__________somehotdogsforthestaffmembers.A.pickedupB.picksupC.pickupD.pickingup20.______theirhatsintotheair,thefansofthewinningteamletoutloudshoutsofvictory.A.TOthrowB.ThrownC.ThrowingD.Beingthrown21.ItwashardforhimtolearnEnglishinafamily,inwhichoftheparentsspokethelanguage.A.noneB.neitherC.bothD.each22.You'dbettergotherebytrain.Thetrainticketis__________theplaneticket.A.ascheapthreetimesasB.asthreetimescheapasC.threetimesascheapasD.cheaperthreetimesthan23.Thisnewmachineistechnicallyfar__________totheprevioustype.A.Superior:B.juniorC.seniorD.equal24.Thereisagreatdealofevidence____thatmusicactivitiesengagedifferentpartsofthebrain.A.indicateB.IndicatingC.indicatedD.tobeindicating25.Shebecamethefirstwomantoentertheschoolbutwithdrewafter

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